The facts about gum problems

The facts about gum problems

Healthy gums are important to overall health.

Gum problems is the inflammation of the periodontium (the tissue that supports the tooth into the bone). It is one of the most common oral problems. 

First signs are often recognised too late, and failing to address the problem in time can have irreparable consequences. The health of your gums and teeth can also have an effect on your general wellbeing.

Healthy gums

Healthy gums
  • Pale pink
  • Firmly attached to the tooth

Unhealthy gums

Unhealthy gums
  • Reddened
  • Swollen
  • Painful to touch
  • Plaque can be visible / accumulates between tooth and gum.

Ignoring a problem only makes it worse

If the inflammation of the gums is not stopped, it can spread to the bone and gradually affect the structures that support the tooth, eventually leading to tooth loss.
Chronic gum inflammation could also have general implications in relation to overall health problems.


Plaque can cause inflammation of the gums

A healthy oral cavity is normally colonised by 400 - 1000 varieties of germs living together in a balanced complex association predominately in the dental plaque. Gum problems develop when the flora balance is disturbed as a result of inadequate dental hygiene.

The cause of gum problems is always the accumulation of germs in dental plaque. If the initially soft plaque is not removed during dental care, it will harden through the deposition of minerals: Calculus (tartar) will develop.