The facts about gum problems

The facts about gum problems

Healthy gums are important to overall health.

Gum problems is caused by the accumulation of germs along the gum line. It is one of the most common oral problems. 

First signs are often recognised too late, and failing to address the problem in time can have irreparable consequences. The health of your gums and teeth can also have an effect on your general wellbeing.

Unhealthy gums

  • Gums that are tender when brushing or flossing
  • Gums that recede or move away from the tooth
  • Persistent bad breath or bad taste in mouth
  • Loose teeth
  • A change in the way your teeth come together
  • A change in the fit of partial dentures
  • Sharp or dull pains when chewing foods
  • Teeth that are overly sensitive to cold or hot temperatures

Ignoring a problem only makes it worse

If the gum problem is not addressed, it can spread to the bone and gradually affect the structures that support the tooth, eventually leading to tooth loss.
Advanced gum problems could also have general implications in relation to overall health problems.


Plaque can cause advanced gum problems

A healthy oral cavity is normally colonised by 400 - 1000 of natural oral flora living together in a balanced complex association predominately in the dental plaque. Gum problems develop when the flora balance is disturbed as a result of inadequate dental hygiene.

The cause of gum problems is normally accumulation of germs in dental plaque. If initially the soft plaque is not removed during dental care, it will harden through the deposition of minerals: Calculus (tartar) will develop.