Gums inflamed: Causes, Treatment and Home Remedies

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Over 80% of all adults show signs of gingivitis. The classic symptoms of this disease include redness and swelling. In the untreated course, a gap also forms between the root of the tooth and the gums. With these symptoms, the suspicion arises that the gums are inflamed. This disease is called gingivitis in technical jargon and should not be underestimated. However, a superficial inflammation can be quickly remedied by thorough cleaning.

If the inflammation is ignored, it can develop into periodontitis. The entire periodontium is affected, the gums recede and the jawbone shrinks. Without timely treatment, the affected teeth can become loose and even fall out. With careful oral hygiene, bone and gum loss can be stopped, but not reversed. Periodontitis is one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide.

Possible causes of inflamed gums

Gums become inflamed in most cases due to poor oral hygiene. Deposits accumulate on the tooth surfaces. Numerous harmful bacteria nest in the so-called plaque and can multiply undisturbed if they are not removed promptly. In addition to bad breath, these also cause inflammation of the gums. A less obvious reason may be excessive oral hygiene. Using a toothbrush that is too hard, aggressive brushing techniques, or dental care products will injure the gums, making it easier for harmful bacteria to enter the lesions.

In some cases, hormonal changes, systemic diseases, medications, or nutritional deficiencies can also be to blame for plaque gingivitis. Hormonal changes occur during puberty, the menstrual cycle, pregnancy and menopause and, like contraceptives, can worsen inflammation.

Bacterial and viral infections, fungal infections, allergic reactions are among the possible causes of gingivitis that is not caused by plaque. However, the cases affect only a small percentage of patients.

Treatment of gingivitis

The treatment of inflamed gums is usually uncomplicated and usually includes optimized home dental and oral care and a professional teeth cleaning. However, if it is advanced, antibiotics or surgery may be needed.

It is important that you react early in any case, even if you have no other symptoms. You should therefore keep regular check-ups with your dentist.

Healing from nature?

In general, home remedies cannot replace intensified oral hygiene, they can only complement it. Below you will find a large number of possible helpers that may have an anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effect. You can also support your hygiene with mouthwashes. Apple cider vinegar, salt water or teas made from essential oils and herbs such as sage or chamomile are well suited for this. Coconut oil has also proven itself as a home remedy for gingivitis because it has a cooling effect and feels pleasant. You can also simply drink ginger and lavender tea several times a day or place the corresponding tea bags on the sensitive areas of your gums.

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Gums inflamed: Causes, Treatment and Home Remedies

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