How to stop receding gums?

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When the gums recede and the necks or roots of the teeth are exposed, it is called gum recession. Those affected often only notice the so-called “gum recession” when the necks of the teeth are already exposed. It is important to combat the problem and the causes as early as possible, because unfortunately once the gums are lost, they do not recede and can ultimately only be corrected surgically.

Why do gums recede?

Fenestration is missing due to tooth misalignment, a window-shaped part of the bone that is supposed to cover the root of the tooth. Infections such as inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) or periodontitis can also cause the gums to recede. Bacteria, which accumulate in the form of plaque on the gum line and on the tongue in particular, are considered the main cause of gingivitis. But mechanical causes can also cause the gums to recede: for example, incorrect brushing technique or a toothbrush that is too hard.

Why are healthy gums important?

Rosy, firm gums and healthy, white teeth are a cornerstone of personal radiance and receding gums are therefore certainly associated with aesthetic disadvantages. However, this is not the only reason to pay attention to healthy gums, as they are also an important part of the oral mucosa. It covers the teeth from the jawbone to the crown, forming a protective barrier that prevents inflammatory bacteria from penetrating the tooth roots and jaw. At the same time, it ensures that the teeth fit tightly.

Can receding gums be stopped?

Receding gums are a warning sign and should definitely be treated under dental supervision. In the case of mechanical damage caused by incorrect brushing technique , changing the methods and tools can help prevent it from getting worse. Do not use too much pressure and avoid rough scrubbing back and forth. Trust in the frequently recommended wiping movements from red to white, i.e. from the gums to the teeth. Toothbrushes with soft bristles are more suitable for damaged gums.

In the case of periodontitis , however, optimal oral hygiene is required first and foremost in order to reduce the causative bacteria in the mouth. The foundation offers brushing your teeth for at least three minutes twice a day. In addition to a soft toothbrush, preferably use antibacterial, fluoride toothpaste. You should do this extremely thoroughly but gently so as not to cause additional injury to the gums. Since you can't use a toothbrush to get into the spaces between teeth and cavities with implants, daily use of dental floss is also essential. A tongue cleaner with special slats and nubs enables gentle and effective cleaning of the surface of the tongue and prevents the accumulation of harmful bacteria in the numerous recesses. Furthermore, those affected by periodontitis should definitely contact their dental practice and seek medical treatment.

If the gums are only slightly affected, they can still regenerate as soon as the causes are eliminated. Receding gums, on the other hand, cannot be reversed because tissue that has already been lost does not regenerate. The only option here is periodontal surgery . Dentists have various options: During visible tartar removal (flap surgery) and root planing , the affected tissue is surgically detached from the tooth. The roots are then cleaned and smoothed and the gums are then sewn back to their original position. During so-called regeneration , damaged bones and gum tissue are cleaned. A membrane made of a tissue-stimulating protein or a tissue transplant is inserted and the gums are then sewn back tightly. If the tissue is severely damaged, a transplant may be recommended . The dentist removes tissue from the surrounding gums or palate and uses it to cover exposed tooth roots.

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