Risk factors of gingivitis

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Gum disease is often recognised too late

Periodontitis often develops unnoticed, although the first signs of the disease can be detected by the dentist at a very early stage.

Risk factors and risk groups

Certain risk factors increase the likelihood of developing and progressing periodontitis.






High blood pressure


Smokers are 2.5 to 6 times more likely to develop an inflammatory disease of the periodontium than non-smokers. Periodontal disease is generally more severe in smokers and the chances of treatment and recovery are poorer.


More info


More info


Gum problems can occur at any age. Especially in combination with other risk factors such as smoking or diabetes. However, as several studies show, the risk of developing the disease has been shown to increase with age.


Stressful situations affect gum health. Oral hygiene is often neglected under mental stress. This also promotes the accumulation of plaque.

High blood pressure

Some medicines used to treat high blood pressure (eg, nifedipine, amlodipine, nitrendipine) can cause gum growth. This can promote the formation of bacterial plaque and make dental care more difficult.

Detect gum problems early!

Inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) is usually caused by plaque bacteria. If the cause is not treated, i.e. if the plaque bacteria are not thoroughly removed, chronic gingivitis can occur. If left untreated, the inflammation can progress, destroy the jawbone and even lead to tooth loss.

Pregnancy changes many things - including your gums.

The hormonal change loosens the tissue of the oral mucosa and increases blood flow to the gums - swelling is often the result. Bacteria in plaque then have an easy time of it and can cause inflammation of the gums (gingivitis). Inflammatory processes can radiate from there into the whole body - including your child.

Can gum inflammation be dangerous for a child?

Studies have shown that untreated gingivitis can increase the risk of premature birth and low birth weight. You should therefore prevent, detect and treat gum inflammation in good time.

Does gum disease go away on its own?

Over time, the inflammation can spread to the periodontium (periodontitis). Connective tissue and bones break down. You can protect yourself preventively with careful oral hygiene and a toothpaste that combats the cause of gum inflammation.

Gum care is health care

Diabetes can change a lot of things - including the gums: blood circulation is reduced and the defense mechanisms are weakened. If gum inflammation develops, this inflammation can spread throughout the body and affect different organs. A suitable oral care system - toothpaste, toothbrush and mouthwash - is the be-all and end-all. The risk of periodontitis increases threefold in people with diabetes. In addition, an illness in the oral cavity can also have a negative impact on the control of blood sugar levels. Undetected or untreated periodontitis can negatively affect the severity and controllability of diabetes. In addition to good blood sugar control, good oral health is particularly important for people with diabetes.

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